Migori County is a county in the former Nyanza Province of southwestern Kenya. It is located in Southwestern Kenya and borders Homa Bay County (North), Kisii County (North E), Narok (South East), Tanzania (West and South) and Lake Victoria to the West. The county also borders Uganda via Migingo Island in Lake Victoria. The county is headquartered by Migori town, which is also its largest town. The Kenya National Census of 2019 indicated that Migori County had a population of 1,116,436 compared to 917, 170 in 2009 Census. Migori County is located in the sugar belt wetlands of Western Kenya and is mostly at the heart of the African tropics. However, the county enjoys a pleasant climate because of high altitude which modifies the climate alongside the cool breeze from Lake Victoria. List Of All Constituencies and Wards In Migori County
Demographically, Migori County is the most diverse region of Nyanza after Kisumu. The inhabitants include AbaSuba people, Joluo, Abakuria, Abagusii, Abaluhya, Somalis, Indians, Arabs, Agikuyu and Nubians.
The county is important to Kenya because of the significance of Isebania border post to the East African economy, the A-1 Kenya-Tanzania cuts the county in half, the place of Sony (South Nyanza) Sugar Company in the lives of over one hundred thousand households in Kenya, the influential role of Lake Victoria on food sustainability of Western region of Kenya, and its sizable meat industry courtesy of the ranches in Kurialand and Suna West.
Migori town serves as in important link between Kenya and Tanzania and the second most viable commercial center in Luo-Nyanza after Kisumu. Other major towns in Migori county include Kehancha, Rongo, Awendo and Isebania in Kuria District.
Migori Town (-1.0634,34.4731) is 368 kilometers from Nairobi. Migori town is bordered by hills.
Water bodies in the county include the Kuja and Migori rivers, and Lake Victoria. Constituencies and Wards In Migori County
The main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, manufacturing and mining. There is some small scale gold mining carried out in the county.
The county also sees some limited commercial activity, mainly small and micro-enterprises in the Jua Kali sector. These include auto mechanics, furniture works, tailoring, welding, trade and agriculture.
Agricultural activity is carried out in areas such as Ngege, Oyani and Anjego. There is a national cereals board depot in Migori Town.
According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics National Census data Migori has a population of 1,116,436 with 536,187 males and 580,214 females, and 35 intersex. Below is the breakdown of the population based on the constituencies of the county.
Kuria West 101,090 (Male) 107,417 (Female) 6 (Intersex) Total= 208,513
Kuria East 46,969 (Male) 49,894 (Female) 9 (Intersex) Total= 96,872
The population density is 353 PER SQ. km and 43% of the population live below the poverty line. The age distribution was 0–14 years 49%, 15–64 years 48% and over 65 years 3%. Kuria West Constituency has the highest density at 490/km2 while Nyatike Constituency had the lowest at 213/km2. While the population of the county as of 2009 was 917,170, it is expected to grow to about 1.3 million people by 2018. Children blow the age of 15 account for 49% of the population of the county.
Urban Centers and Towns
Migori County has several urban centers and municipalities which are clustered into two groups. The first are towns councils and municipalities and include Migori town in Suna East/and Suna West which has about 100,000 people. Migori town acts as the capital of the county and hosts several important economic and political institutions. The second municipality is Kehancha town in Kuria West which has a population of approximately 50,000 people.
The second cluster of urban centers in Migori are town councils and these include Rongo Town, Awendo Town and Isebania border.
Other important trading centers or rural shopping centers in the county include Muhuru Bay, Macalder Mines, Karungu Beach, Bondo Nyironge, Ogwedhi Sigawa, God Jope, Giribe among others. Constituencies and Wards In Migori County
Migori county has two main rainy seasons. The first rainy seasons starts in March and ends in May and is called long rains. The second season called “opon” starts in September and ends in November. The driest months are between December and February and June and September. The minimum average temperatures is usually the low of 24 degrees Celsius (74 F) and a high of 31 degrees Celsius (87 F). Rainfalls come in the afternoon and the heat is often dry and thus bearable.
Tourism and Places to Visit
The county has no official national park or game reserve. However, the county boasts of several interesting places of interest that one can find appealing to visit.
This is a 90 km gold belt that has been exploited for over 70 years by artisan miners using traditional method.
The dam which was built on River Kuja in 1957 provides a capacity of about 60 watts and is a primary source of power for the towns in the county and water for the dams.
This is an old African civilization of the Luo people of Kadem clan formerly labeled Liare Valley and described as “the frightening dense forest.” This old settlement was a village built on stones by the early Luo/Suba people around the 14th century. Ohinga is a Luo word for fort wall.
God Kweru Shrine
Locally known as the “Calvary” this place is a religious site for the Legio Maria followers a traditional African religion formed to fight colonialism in the 1940s. The followers of Legio Maria host their yearly pilgrimages at the Got Kweru shrine in Suna West.
Muhuru Bay is the Miami of Migori County. It provides white sandy shores lined with palms comes and magnificent natural sites and bays. It is also known for fresh Lake Victoria Nile Perches, Tilapia, Kamongo among other fishes. There is a beach hotel named Muhuru Bay Beach Hotel where events such as boat excursion, exploring, fishing, bird watching happens. Muhuru Bay is increasingly popular with back packers from the United States.
Cross the border at a rural post in Kopanga and enjoy the serenity of the rural folks at Suna West as they plant cassava on the fields and cross the border between Kenya and Tanzania as if the border don’t exist.
Only 15% of Migori County residents have secondary level of education or above. Rongo constituency has the highest share of residents with a secondary level of education or above at 19%. This is 7 percentage points above Kuria East constituency, which has the lowest share.
Rongo constituency is 4 percentage points above the county average. Suna Central ward has the highest share of residents with a secondary level of education or above at 31%. This is five times Wasimbete ward, which has the lowest share of residents with a secondary level of education or above. Suna Central ward is 16 percentage points above the county average.
A total of 65% of Migori County residents have a primary level of education only. Uriri constituency has the highest share of residents with a primary level of education only at 68%. This is 5 percentage points above Kuria West constituency, which has the lowest share of residents with a primary level of education only. Uriri constituency is 3 percentage points above the county average. West Kanyamkago ward has the highest share of residents with a primary level of education only at 71%. This is 19 percentage points above Isibania ward, which has the lowest share of residents with primary only. West Kanyamkago ward is 6 percentage points above the county average.
Some 20% of Migori County residents have no formal education. Kuria East constituency has the highest share of residents with no formal education at 24%. This is 6 percentage points above Rongo constituency, which has the lowest share of residents with no formal education. Kuria East constituency is 4 percentage points above the county average. Ntimaru East ward has the highest percentage of residents with no formal education at 31%. This is twice Central Kamagambo ward, which has the lowest percentage of residents with no formal education. Ntimaru ward is 11 percentage points above the county average.
In Migori County, 9% of the residents with no formal education, 9% of those with a primary education and 22% of those with a secondary level of education or above are working for pay.
The main highway in Migori is the A-1 road to Tanzania which passes from Rongo to Isebania and is the only road on bitumen standard at around 105 kilometers. The rest of the roads are 1928 kilometers of which a quarter are gravel while majority are earth roads.
The county is served with three airstrips namely Lichota ( Migori Town), Macalder Mines and Kehancha. None of the airstrips has paved runways.
Only 1% of residents in Migori County use liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and 2% use paraffin. 80% use firewood and 17% use charcoal. Firewood is the most common cooking fuel by gender with 85% of female headed households and 77% of male headed households using it.
Uriri constituency has the highest level of firewood use in Migori County at 93%.This is 23 percentage points above Suna West constituency, which has the lowest share at 70%. Uriri constituency is about percentage points above the county average. West Kanyamkago ward has the highest level of firewood use in Migori County at 98%.This is five times Isibania ward, which has the lowest share. West Kanyamkago ward is 18 percentage points above the county average.
Suna West constituency has the highest level of charcoal use in Migori County at 26%.This is 20 percentage points above Uriri constituency, which has the lowest share. Suna West constituency is 9 percentage points above the county average. Isibania ward has the highest level of charcoal use in Migori County at 71%.This is 69 percentage points more than Kaler ward, which has the lowest share. Isibania ward is 54 percentage points above the county average. Only 5% of residents in Migori County use electricity as their main source of lighting. A further 26% use lanterns, and 66% use tin lamps. 1% use fuel wood. Electricity use is mostly common in male headed households at 6% as compared with female headed households at 4%.
Awendo constituency has the highest level of electricity use at 11%.That is 11 percentage points above Kuria East constituency, which has the lowest level of electricity use. Awendo constituency is 6 percentage points above the county average. Isibania ward has the highest level of electricity use at 26%.That is 26 percentage points above Ntimaru East ward, which has no level of electricity use. Isibania ward is 21 percentage points above the county average
Migori County has four district hospitals and five sub-district hospitals. Namely Awendo,Rongo,Uriri
The most prevalent diseases in the county are malaria, HIV/AIDs, diarrhea, and URTI (upper respiratory tract infections).
The vast majority of Migori Kenyans are Christians, and the Seventh Day Adventists, Anglican and Roman Catholic Churches are the most established Christian denominations. Other well established African religions and denominations include the African Inland Church (AIC), and the Presbyterian Church of East Africa (PCEA).
In addition, there are a number of Evangelical churches and Independent African Christian churches.
Islam is another major religion in Migori. Followers include both Sunni and Shi’ite Muslims. The largest number of Muslims in Migori are found in Migori town centre and the neighboring regions.
Many of the traditional African religions are no longer widely practiced. Some of the denominations considered as indigenous religions combine aspects of Christianity with traditional religious beliefs. One of these denominations is Legion Maria and Roho Israel, found mostly in rural areas
The few Migorians who adhere to Hinduism and Sikhism are mostly Indians. They reside mostly in Migori Town. Constituencies and Wards In Migori County
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