Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth‘s total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.3 billion people as of 2018, it accounts for about 16% of the world’s human population. Africa’s population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. Despite a wide range of natural resources, Africa is the least wealthy continent per capita, in part due to geographic impediments, legacies of European colonization in Africa and the Cold War, undemocratic rule and deleterious policies. Despite this low concentration of wealth, recent economic expansion and the large and young population make Africa an important economic market in the broader global context.
Surrounded by water from all directions, Africa is a continent with clearly defined borders. In the north it is separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea, in the northeast, is separated from Asia by the Suez Canal and farther by the Red Sea. From the east and southeast, it is surrounded by the Indian Ocean, from the west by the Atlantic Ocean.
The total number of independent states in Africa is 54. The transcontinental country in this region is Egypt, also having a small part of its territory in Asia, on the other side of the Suez Canal, but politically it is a member of the African Union.
Among the African countries, the biggest one is Algeria, occupying around 7% of the continent’s territory. And the smallest nation is Seychelles, the worldwide famous luxurious beach holiday destination, occupying 115 islands stretching along the mainland’s eastern coast.
Listed below are the capitals of all 54 independent African Nations. We believe this is the only such list and historical profile of these capitals on the Internet. We have also listed the capitals of majority-black nations in Latin America and the West Indies.
Addis Abba, Ethiopia
Algiers, Algeria Antananarivo, Madagascar Asmera, Eritrea Bamako, Mali
Bangui, Central African Republic
Banjul, Gambia Bissau, Guinea-Bissau Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Djibouti City, Djibouti Freetown, Sierra Leone Gaborone, Botswana
Juba, South Sudan
Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Luanda, Angola Lusaka, Zambia
Malabo, Equatorial Guinea
Maputo, Mozambique Maseru, Lesotho
Mbabane, Swaziland Mogadishu, Somalia
Moroni, Comoros Nairobi, Kenya N’Djamena, Chad
Niamey, Niger Nouakchott, Mauritania Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Port Louis, Mauritius
Pretoria, South Africa Porto Novo, Benin Praia, Cape Verde
Rabat, Morocco Tripoli, Libya Tunis, Tunisia
Yamoussoukro, Cote d’Ivoire Yaoundé, Cameroon
The always up-to-date list of countries of Africa in alphabetical order
Central African Republic (CAR)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Congo, Republic of the
Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)
Sao Tome and Principe
Capitals of Other Independent Predominantly Black Nations in Latin America and the West Indies
Castries, St. Lucia
George Town, Cayman Islands
Gustavia, Saint Barthélemy
Hamilton, Bermuda Kingston, Jamaica Kingston, St. Vincent and the Grenadines Nassau, Bahamas Oranjestad, Aruba
Saint John’s, Antigua and Barbuda
Saint Georges, Grenada
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
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