Kwame Nkrumah (21 September 1909 PC – 27 April 1972) was a Ghanaian politician and revolutionary. He was the first Prime Minister and President of Ghana, having led the Gold Coast to independence from Britain in 1957. An influential advocate of Pan-Africanism, Nkrumah was a founding member of the Organization of African Unity and winner of the Lenin Peace Prize from the Soviet Union in 1962.
After twelve years abroad pursuing higher education, developing his political philosophy, and organizing with other diasporic pan-Africanists, Nkrumah returned to the Gold Coast to begin his political career as an advocate of national independence. He formed the Convention People’s Party, which achieved rapid success through its unprecedented appeal to the common voter. He became Prime Minister in 1952 and retained the position when Ghana declared independence from Britain in 1957. In 1960, Ghanaians approved a new constitution and elected Nkrumah President.
His administration was primarily
socialist as well as nationalist. It funded national industrial and energy projects, developed a strong national education system and promoted a pan-Africanist culture. Under Nkrumah, Ghana played a leading role in African international relations during the decolonization period.
In 1964, a
constitutional amendment made Ghana a one-party state, with Nkrumah as president for life of both the nation and its party. Nkrumah was deposed in 1966 by the National Liberation Council which under the supervision of international financial institutions privatized many of the country’s state corporations. Nkrumah lived the rest of his life in Guinea, of which he was named honorary co-president
ACHIEVEMENTS OF DR KWAME NKRUMAH – A TRUE LEADER
– University Of Cape Coast (UCC)
– Ghana National College, Cape Coast
– Mfantsiman Girls’ SHS
– Winneba secondary school.
– Apam Secondary School
– Swedru Secondary School (SWESCO)
– Fosu Training College
– Ofori Panyin Secondary School
– Techiman Secondary School
– Dormaa Secondary School
– Tema Secondary School
– Oda Secondary School
– Labone Secondary School
– Kwadaso College of Education
– Atebubu Training College
– Berekum Training College
– Enchi Training College
– Turned University College of Gold Coast into University of Ghana (He became their first chancellor)
– Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST)
– Institute of African Studies,
– Kwame Nkrumah Institute of Economics and Political Science(now south campus of UEW)
– Ajumako School of Languages(now under UEW)
– Kumasi Technical Institute (now a University)
– Accra Polytechnic(now Accra Technical University).
– Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital(previously Kumasi central hospital).
– He made Korle Bu a teaching hospital and expanded its capacity by constructing the Medical, Maternity, Surgical and Child Health blocks.
– He established the Ghana Medical School.
– He made Medical care free to all citizens.
– He established GIHOC pharmaceuticals.
– He also built several hospitals and clinics.
– Abosso Glass Factory
– Zuarungu Meat Factory
– Wenchi Tomato Factory
– Kade Match Factory
– Akosombo Textiles Limited
– Kumasi Shoe Factory
– Pwalugu Tomato Factory
– Asutuare Sugar Factory
– Komenda Sugar Factory
– Kumasi Jute Factory
-:Nsawam Cannery, Brick and Tile Factory
– Tarkwa Bonsa Tyre Factory
– Bolgatanga Meat Processing Factory
– Bolgatanga Rice Mill Factory
– GIHOC Fibre Products Company
– Ghana Black Star Line with almost 15 ships
– Bank of Ghana (BoG)
– Ghana Commercial Bank (GCB)
– Agricultural Development Bank (ADB)
– National Investment Bank (NIB)
– State Insurance Company (SIC)
-:Social Security and National Insurance Trust (SSNIT)
– Ghana Oil Company (GOIL)
– Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority (GHAPOHA)
– Tema Oil Refinery (TOR)
– The National Management and Productivity Institute
– Ghana Film Industries, Accra
-:Ghana Airways Corporation
– Ghana National Trading Corporation
– Cocoa Marketing Board (COCOBOD)
– Tema Steel Works
– State Housing and Hotel Projects
– Labone Estate
– Kanda Estates
– Osu Ringway Estates
– Airport Residential Area
– Patasi Estate
– Kwadaso Estate
– Buokrom Estates
– North and South Suntreso.
– Tema Township(Communities)
– Star Hotel
– Meridian Hotel
– Ambassador Hotel
Continental Hotel now Golden Tulip Accra
– City Hotel Catering Rest Houses now Golden Tulip Kumasi
– Peduase Lodge
– Ghana Film Corporation
– Ghana News Agency
– Ghana Broadcasting Corporation
– Atomic Reactor Station
– Akosombo Dam
– Restructured the British Military base into Accra (now Kotoka) International Airport.
– Tema Motorway
– Tema Harbour
– Adomi Bridge
– State Farms and Institutes
Credit : We Are From Ghana
Nkrumah’s new flag of Ghana, symbolising African nationalism and abundance
Was this article helpful?